Title II of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Program (JJDP) is a federal formula grant program implemented by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-273, 42 U.S.C. § 5601 et seq.) The purpose of the Act is to strengthen accountability, rehabilitation, and prevention of juveniles either at risk or already in the system. The Act imposed by Congress, also requires the state’s commitment to achieve and maintain compliance with the following four core requirements to receives funds:
- Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders (DSO) – No status offender (a juvenile who has committed an act that would not be a crime if an adult committed it) or nonoffender (such as a dependent or neglected child) shall be held, with statutory exceptions, in secure placement, such as juvenile detention centers or correctional facilities, nor adult jails and lockups, for any length of time.
- Sight and sound separation – In the very few instances that alleged and adjudicated juvenile delinquents are held in adult jails and lockups or secure correctional facility, only for administrative purposes or for finding appropriate juvenile placements, they shall not be within sight and sound of adult inmates.
- Jail Removal – Juveniles (individuals who may be subject to the original jurisdiction of a juvenile court based on age and offense limitations established by state law) shall not be securely detained or confined in adult jails and lockups. The exception would be for the very few instances for administrative purposes or for finding appropriate juvenile placements and would then include the sight and sound separation requirement.
- Disproportionate minority contact (DMC) – Requires the state to address juvenile delinquency and system improvement efforts designed to reduce the disproportionate number of minority juveniles who come into contact with the juvenile justice system.
Funding is to support programs related to delinquency prevention and reduction, juvenile justice system improvement, research, evaluation, statistical analysis and training and technical assistance. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) developed 34 federal standard program areas, which can be found at http://www.dsgonline.com/Program_Logic_Model/Program_Areas_Descriptions.pdf.
For a more detailed overview of the Formula Grants Program, see OJJDP’s Formula Grants Web page: http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/Programs/ProgSummary.asp?pi=16, OJJDP strongly encourages eligible applicants to visit the following websites evidence-based model programs:
- OJJDP’s Model Programs Guide – www.dsgonline.com/mpg_index.htm
- Blueprints for Violence Prevention Program – www.colorado.edu/cspv/blueprints
- Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) – http://modelprograms.samhsa.gov
These websites are designed to assist practitioners and communities in implementing evidence-based prevention and intervention programs that can make a difference in the lives of children and communities. The databases of evidence-based programs cover the entire continuum of youth services from prevention through sanctions to reentry. They can be used to assist juvenile justice practitioners, administrators, and researchers to enhance accountability, ensure public safety, and reduce recidivism. The databases are an easy-to-use tool that offers scientifically proven programs across the spectrum of youth services.